Archive for the ‘history’ Category

Child Labor in America

October 10, 2017

In  November 1908, photographer Lewis Hine, working undercover for the National Child Labor Committee, came upon Sadie Pfeifer working a cotton-­spinning machine in ­a Lancaster, SC mill.

Hine believed his images of children, some as young as 8, laboring in mills, meatpacking houses, coal mines and canneries would force demands for change. He was right. Regulations and legislation cut the number of child laborers nearly in half by 1920. Editors of Time Magazine selected Hine’s photo of Sadie Pfeifer as one of the 100 most influential images of all time.

See more of Lewis Hine’s photos here.

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Fahrenheit

October 9, 2017

“What the Fahrenheit?” A Veritasium video narrated by physicist Derek Muller, animated by Marcello Ascani.

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Jeep

October 8, 2017

“Autobiography of a Jeep” (1943), from United Films via the Library of Congress Prelinger Archives, reprocessed by Jeff Quitney. The Willys MB Jeep was the primary light 4-wheel-drive vehicle of the United States Army and Allies during World War II (more here). This WWII-era film celebrates the buggy’s prowess.

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Why knights fought snails in medieval art

September 21, 2017

Knights fought snails in medieval art. WTF? Phil Edwards investigates.

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How Martin Luther Went Viral

September 6, 2017

How Martin Luther Went Viral

500 years ago a disgruntled Catholic priest named Martin Luther is said to have nailed his handwritten 95 Theses to a church door in Wittenberg. Well, maybe he did, but that 1517 parchment blog post, with the clickbait title Disputatio pro declaratione virtutis indulgentiarum, was picked up by the cool kids of the day, nerds who translated it from Latin to German, coded it into moveable type and spread it across Europe with their newfangled printing presses.

More:

“How Technology Helped Martin Luther Change Christianity,” Tom Gjelten, NPR

“Long Before Twitter, Martin Luther Was a Media Pioneer,” New York Times

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Image (“Martin Luther with His iPad, after Lucas Cranach the Elder”) by Mike Licht. Download a copy here. Creative Commons license; credit Mike Licht, NotionsCapital.com

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What Those Monuments Are About

August 30, 2017

Video by Carlos Waters, Vox. Mona Lalwani, story editor.

More:

“Whose Heritage? Public Symbols of the Confederacy,” Southern Poverty Law Center

“Confederate Monuments Are Propaganda — Not History,” Jonathan Chait, New York Magazine

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A Century of Animation

June 24, 2017

Historic animation highlights 1833 – 1990, courtesy of The Solomon Society.

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Juneteenth

June 19, 2017

Juneteenth
(General Orders, Department of Texas, June 19, 1865)

On June 19, 1865 Union general Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston and issued General Order Number 3, which began: “The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free.” This ended the legal institution of chattel slavery in the United States, two years after Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.

More:

“Juneteenth: Our Other Independence Day,” Kenneth C. Davis, Smithsonian.com

“Juneteenth,” Teresa Palomo Acosta, Handbook of Texas Online

“Juneteenth,” Stephanie Hall, Folklife Today

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The First City

May 30, 2017

Jonathan F. P. Rose explains how the first city was started in Turkey, 12,000 years ago.

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Two Centuries of US Immigration

May 15, 2017

“From 1820 to 2013, 79 million people obtained lawful permanent resident status in the United States. This map visualizes all of them based on their prior country of residence. The brightness of a country corresponds to its total migration to the U.S. at the given time.”

1 dot = 10,000 people

As a percentage of total US population, today’s immigration rates are far below those of the 1920s and before.

Written, narrated, and produced by Bryce Plank. Video editing and animation by Robin West. See more at Metrocosm.

Related:

“The Accidents of History That Shaped Global Migration,” James Watkins, Ozy

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